The Jews in Palestine
Several letters have been received by me asking me to declare my views about the
Arab-Jew question in Palestine and the persecution of the Jews in Germany. It is
not without hesitation that I venture to offer my views on this very difficult
My sympathies are all with the Jews. I have known them intimately in South
Africa. Some of them became lifelong companions. Through these friends I came to
learn much of their age long persecution. They have been the untouchables of
Christianity. The parallel between their treatment by Christians and the
treatment of untouchables by Hindus is very close. Religious sanction has been
invoked in both cases for the justification of the inhuman treatment meted out
to them. Apart from the friendships, therefore, there is the more common
universal reason for my sympathy for the Jews.
But my sympathy does not blind me to the requirements of justice. The cry for
the national home for the Jews does not make much appeal to me. The sanction for
it is sought in the Bible and the tenacity with which the Jews have hankered
after return to Palestine. Why should they not, like other peoples of the earth,
make that country their home where they are born and where they earn their
Palestine belongs to the Arabs in the same sense that England belongs to the
English or France to the French. It is wrong and inhuman to impose the Jews on
the Arabs. What is going on in Palestine today cannot be justified by any moral
code of conduct. The mandates have no sanction but that of the last war. Surely
it would be a crime against humanity to reduce the proud Arabs so that Palestine
can be restored to the Jews partly or wholly as their national home.
The nobler course would be to insist on a just treatment of the Jews wherever
they are born and bred. The Jews born in France are French in precisely the same
sense that Christians born in France are French.
If the Jews have no home but Palestine, will they relish the idea of being
forced to leave the other parts of the world in which they are settled? Or do
they want a double home where they can remain at will? This cry for the national
home affords a colourable justification for the German expulsion of the Jews.
But the German persecution of the Jews seems to have no parallel in history. The
tyrants of old never went so mad as Hitler seems to have gone. And he is doing
it with religious zeal. For, he is propounding a new religion of exclusive and
militant nationalism in the name of which any inhumanity becomes an act of
humanity to be rewarded here and hereafter. The crime of an obviously mad but
intrepid youth is being visited upon his whole race with unbelievable ferocity.
If there ever could be a justifiable war in the name of and for humanity, a war
against Germany to prevent the wanton persecution of a whole race would be
completely justified. But I do not believe in any war. A discussion of the pros
and cons of such a war is, therefore, outside my horizon or province.
But if there can be no war against Germany, even for such a crime as is being
committed against the Jews, surely there can be no alliance with Germany. How
can there be alliance between a nation which claims to stand for justice and
democracy and one which is the declared enemy of both? Or is England drifting
towards armed dictatorship and all it means?
Germany is showing to the world how efficiently violence can be worked when it
is not hampered by any hypocrisy or weakness masquerading as humanitarianism. It
is also showing how hideous, terrible and terrifying it looks in its nakedness.
Can the Jews resist this organized and shameless persecution? Is there a way to
preserve their self-respect, and not to feel helpless, neglected and forlorn? I
submit there is. No person who has faith in a living God need feel helpless or
forlorn. Jehovah of the Jews is a God more personal than the God of the
Christians, the Mussalmans or the Hindus, though as a matter of fact, in
essence, He is common to all and one without a second and beyond description.
But as the Jews attribute personality to God and believe that He rules every
action of theirs, they ought not to feel helpless. If I were a Jew and were born
in Germany and earned my livelihood there, I would claim Germany as my home even
as the tallest gentile German might, and challenge him to shoot me or cast me in
the dungeon; I would refuse to be expelled or to submit to discriminating
treatment. And for doing this I should not wait for the fellow Jews to join me
in civil resistance, but would have confidence that in the end the rest were
bound to follow my example...
... And now a word to the Jews in Palestine. I have no doubt that they are going
about in the wrong way. The Palestine of the Biblical conception is not a
geographical tract. It is in their hearts. But if they must look to the
Palestine of geography as their national home, it is wrong to enter it under the
shadow of the British gun. A religious act cannot be performed with the aid of
the bayonet or the bomb. They can settle in Palestine only by the goodwill of
the Arabs. They should seek to convert the Arab heart. The same God rules the
Arab heart who rules the Jewish heart. They can offer Satyagraha
in front of the Arabs and offer themselves to be shot or thrown into the Dead
Sea without raising a little finger against them. They will find the world
opinion in their favour in their religious aspiration. There are hundreds of
ways of reasoning with the Arabs, if they will only discard the help of the
British bayonet. As it is, they are co-sharers with the British in despoiling a
people who have done no wrong to them.
I am not defending the Arab excesses. I wish they had chosen the way of
non-violence in resisting what they rightly regarded as an unwarrantable
encroachment upon their country. But according to the accepted canons of right
and wrong, nothing can be said against the Arab resistance in the face of
Let the Jews who claim to be the chosen race prove their title by choosing the
way of non-violence for vindicating their position on earth. Every country is
their home including Palestine not by aggression but by loving service. A Jewish
friend has sent me a book called The Jewish Contribution to Civilization
by Cecil Roth. It gives a record of what the Jews have done to enrich the
world’s literature, art, music, drama, science, medicine, agriculture, etc.
Given the will, the Jew can refuse to be treated as the outcast of the West, to
be despised or patronized. He can command the attention and respect of the world
by being man, the chosen creation of God, instead of being man who is fast
sinking to the brute and forsaken by God. They can add to the many contributions
the surpassing contribution of non-violent action.
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